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A 200mm lens is one of the few telephoto lenses with a fixed focal length. Usually, this focal length makes the subject seem more magnified and prominent in the frame. Considering you can’t change the focal length, how far can you shoot with a 200mm lens?
How Far Can You Shoot With a 200mm Lens?
You can place the lens around 60 feet away if capturing a close-up perspective and want the subject to fill the frame. Keeping in mind that this lens can focus on infinity, it’s possible to shoot clear and sharp images of subjects more than 500 feet away.
However, the compositional and distortion effects when shooting very far away subjects will vary depending on the foreground, background, shooting angle, and subject size. Since the lens has no zoom capability, the following factors can affect its shooting distance.
Field of View
The lens’s field of view is directly related to its focal length. Usually, lenses with longer focal lengths have a narrower field of view than ones with shorter focal lengths. That means only a portion of the subject will fill the frame if you place a large subject near a 200mm lens.
Usually, this might be the best way to make a tiny subject prominent enough to fill the frame, like when you want to capture a bird in the jungle. In most cases, the right distance to use for the subject to fill the frame will depend on the subject size.
On the other hand, if you want to capture the subject with some foreground and background, you will have to move back for the sensor to capture the real subject size. That means it’s possible to capture landscapes and architectural photos with this lens as long as you are far enough.
Camera Sensor Size
Camera sensors vary across camera brands and models, with some being full-frame and others crop-factor sensors. Full-frame sensors are the largest consumer format camera sensors, measuring 24mm x 36mm. Usually, a lens retains its focal length when paired with a full-frame camera.
On the other hand, crop-factor sensors are smaller, and they tend to crop the edges of the image for a tighter field of view. In most cases, they crop the image by around 1.5. That means the lens focal length will seem to be 1.5 times longer.
For instance, when you pair a 200mm lens with a crop-factor camera, the lens will have an equivalent focal length of 300mm. That means if your subject is 60 feet away when shooting with a full-frame camera, it needs to be 90 feet away when using the same lens with a crop-factor camera.
Generally, the subject to camera distance when using 200mm lenses determines the magnification ratio. Although the magnification ratio might vary with the lens brand and model, most 200mm lenses have a magnification ratio of around 2.85x.
That means the lens can make the subject seem closer by around 4 to 5 times. Like the field of view, magnification also affects how much of a subject will fill the frame. For instance, jewelry might be detailed and fill the frame when it’s 1 foot away.
On the other hand, you might lose the jewelry details and capture the background and foreground when capturing it from 20 feet away. Keeping in mind that most macro lenses have a real-life magnification of 1:1, you can use this lens in macro photography.
How to Shoot Far Away Subjects With a 200mm Lens
Although the ability of a 200mm lens to capture clear and sharp images of far away subjects will vary across brands and models depending on the construction quality, you can use the following tips to improve the lens’s performance when capturing distance subjects.
- Use a tripod: Considering that the lens has a longer focal length, any camera movement when shooting can result in an irredeemable image blur. It’s therefore advisable to use a sturdy and stable tripod when shooting.
- Shoot in good ambient lighting: Since it’s challenging to illuminate distant subjects, shooting in good ambient lighting can help you to capture brighter photos
- Enable image stabilization system: If your lens has an image stabilization system, you can enable it to reduce camera shake when shooting handheld
Can I Use 200mm Lenses for Portraits?
Yes, 200mm lenses can capture excellent portraits due to their good compression. For the best results, consider using 200mm lenses with a wide maximum aperture so you can blur the background and create a beautiful bokeh effect.
Do 200mm Lenses Compress the Background?
Generally, 200mm lenses compress the background due to their narrower field of view. Unlike distortion, the lens’s background compression brings the objects in the background closer to the main subject.
A 200mm lens is a versatile telephoto lens with a fixed focal length. The lens allows you to magnify and make far away subjects prominent enough to fill the frame. However, without zoom capability, you will need to physically change positions to get the right field of view and composition.